<HTML> <HEAD> <META HTTP-EQUIV="content-type" CONTENT="text/html;charset=iso-8859-1"> <META NAME="generator" CONTENT="GoLive CyberStudio"> <TITLE>The works of Peter Naur</TITLE> </HEAD> <BODY BGCOLOR="#FFFFFF"> <P> <HR> </P> <CENTER> <H1>Introduction to the works of Peter Naur</H1> </CENTER> <P><B>Peter Naur</B>, born 1928, Danish scientist, mag. scient. in astronomy 1949, dr. phil. 1957. 1953-59 at K&oslash;benhavns Universitets Astronomiske Observatorium. 1959-69 at Regnecentralen and lecturer at Danmarks Tekniske H&oslash;jskole and Niels Bohr Institute. 1969-98 professor of Datalogi at K&oslash;benhavns Universitet. Awarded the IEEE Computer Society Computer Pioneer Medal in 1986. Recipient of the ACM A. M. Turing Award 2005</P> <CENTER> <P><IMG SRC="Peter_Naur.jpeg"><BR><BR> Portrait of Peter Naur painted by <A HREF="http://www.dodoz.com/">Duo Duo Zhuang</A>, 1995, Oil on canvas 65x45 cm </P> </CENTER> <P> <HR> </P> <P>ACM has named Peter Naur winner of the 2005 Turing-award, also known as the &quot;Nobel-prize of computing science.&quot; The prize will be presented to Peter Naur at a banquet in San Francisco on May 20, 2006.</P> <P><A HREF="http://campus.acm.org/public/pressroom/press_releases/3_2006/turing_3_01_2006.cfm">More about the prize (ACM homepage with press release)</A></P> <P>The brief citation for the prize is as follows:</P> <P>"For fundamental contributions to programming language design and the definition of Algol 60, to compiler design, and to the art and practice of computer programming."</P> <P><A HREF="full.html">Full citation for the prize</A></P> <P> <HR> </P> <html> <head> <meta name=Title content=Advertisement> <meta name=Keywords content=""> <meta http-equiv=Content-Type content="text/html; charset=macintosh"> <meta name=ProgId content=Word.Document> <meta name=Generator content="Microsoft Word 11"> <meta name=Originator content="Microsoft Word 11"> <link rel=File-List href="Advertisement-net-word_files/filelist.xml"> <title>Advertisement</title> <style> <!-- /* Font Definitions */ @font-face {font-family:"Times New Roman"; panose-1:0 2 2 6 3 5 4 5 2 3;} /* Style Definitions */ p.MsoNormal, li.MsoNormal, div.MsoNormal {margin:0mm; margin-bottom:.0001pt; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Times;} p.MsoPlainText, li.MsoPlainText, div.MsoPlainText {margin:0mm; margin-bottom:.0001pt; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Courier;} table.MsoNormalTable {font-size:10.0pt; font-family:Times;} @page Section1 {size:594.95pt 841.9pt; margin:42.55pt 20.0mm 42.55pt 20.0mm;} div.Section1 {page:Section1;} --> </style> </head> <body bgcolor=white lang=DA style='tab-interval:36.0pt'> <div class=Section1> <p class=MsoPlainText><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family: Times'><b>&nbsp;</b></span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText align=center style='text-align:center'><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:16.0pt;font-family:Times'><b>How our mental life happens in our nervous systems</b></span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText align=center style='text-align:center'><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Times'>Freely available: Three books and an article</span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText align=center style='text-align:center'><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Times'>by <b>Peter Naur</b></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Times'>, winner of the ACM A. M. Turing Award 2005</span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText align=center style='text-align:center'><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Times'>Psychology &#8211; Neurology &#8211; without Cognitivism</span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText style='text-align:justify'><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Times'><b>&nbsp;</b></span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText align=center style='text-align:center'><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Times'><b>The neural embodiment of mental life by the synapse-state theory</b></span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText style='text-align:justify'><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'>Mental life as described in William James s <i>The Principles of Psychology</i></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'> is shown to arise from the excitation activity in a network consisting of nodes, neurons, and synapses. Habits are embodied in the plastic conductivity states of the synapses. The excitation activity is shown to account for all aspects of mental life: </span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText style='text-align:justify;tab-stops:19.85pt'><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'>" &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; the stream of thought, including its change from one moment to the next as influenced by feelings;</span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText style='text-align:justify;tab-stops:19.85pt'><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'>" &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; things thought of, with their associations, fringes, and the feelings aroused by them;</span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText style='text-align:justify;tab-stops:19.85pt'><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'>" &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; attention: the brief accentuation of certain parts of the stream of thought;</span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText style='text-align:justify;tab-stops:19.85pt'><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'>" &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; the specious present: retention in the stream of thought, of parts attended to recently, providing the original experience of pastness;</span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText style='text-align:justify;tab-stops:19.85pt'><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'>" &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; recall of things thought of previously;</span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText style='text-align:justify;tab-stops:19.85pt'><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'>" &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; imagination: recall of sensations of things thought of previously;</span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText style='text-align:justify;tab-stops:19.85pt'><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'>" &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; sensations and perceptions of influences on the sense organs, including perceptions of speech sounds and script;</span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText style='text-align:justify;tab-stops:19.85pt'><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'>" &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; the muscular activity of speech sound utterances;</span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText style='text-align:justify;tab-stops:19.85pt'><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'>" &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; response habits, manifesting themselves in situation-dependent responses, including expressions of personality characteristics such as sexual orientation;</span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText style='text-align:justify;tab-stops:19.85pt'><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'>" &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; education of the nervous system from instincts, by imitation;</span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText style='text-align:justify;tab-stops:19.85pt'><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'>" &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; personality changes, spontaneous and as induced by hypnosis.</span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText align=center style='text-align:center;tab-stops:19.85pt'><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'><b>Downloading</b></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'> of the 189 pages of the book: click <b><A HREF= "http://www.naur.com/Naur-Embody-Book.pdf" >HERE</b></span><span </span><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'> (1000 kilobytes)</A></span></p> </b></span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText style='text-align:justify'><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText align=center style='text-align:center'><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Times'><b>Neural impairments in a case of Alzheimer s disease</b></span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText style='text-align:justify'><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'>According to the synapse-state theory, the activity of the neural system takes place in a network composed of neurons, nodes, and synapses, of altogether 9 different kinds, distributed into 5 layers: sense layer, motor layer, item layer, attention layer, and specious present layer. It is shown how all the symptoms, introspective as well as behavioral, observed over a period of 4 years in a particular case of Alzheimer s disease, the case of Iris Murdoch, can be understood to have arisen from the decay, one after the other, of the nodes of the item layer.</span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText align=center style='text-align:center'><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'><b>Downloading</b></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'> of the 29 pages of the article: click <b><A HREF="http://www.naur.com/Alzheimer.pdf">HERE</b></span><span </b></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'> (480 kilobytes)</A></span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText align=center style='text-align:center'><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText align=center style='text-align:center'><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Times'><b>An anatomy of human mental life</b></span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText align=center style='text-align:center'><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'>Psychology in unideological reconstruction, incorporating the synapse-state theory of mental life.</span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText align=center style='text-align:center'><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'>Includes detailed criticism of behaviorism and cognitivism.</span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText align=center style='text-align:center'><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'><b>Downloading</b></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'> of the 283 pages of the book: click <b><A HREF="Nauranat-ref.html">HERE</A></b></span><span </A> </span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText align=center style='text-align:center'><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText align=center style='text-align:center'><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:14.0pt;font-family:Times'><b>Antiphilosophical Dictionary</b></span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText align=center style='text-align:center'><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'>Thinking - Speech - Science/Scholarship.</span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText align=center style='text-align:center'><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'>Reveals the philosophical misapprehensions about mental life.</span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText align=center style='text-align:center'><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'><b>Downloading</b></span><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'> of the 102 pages of the book: click <b><A HREF= "http://www.naur.com/AntiphilDict.pdf" >HERE</A></b></span><span </b></span><span </span><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'> (824 kilobytes)</span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText style='text-align:justify'><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'>&nbsp;</span></p> <p class=MsoPlainText style='text-align:justify'><span lang=EN-US style='font-family:Times'>Hard copies of the books may be obtained via Ingrid@polyteknisk.dk. Free copies for review may be obtained by application by post mail to the author Peter Naur, Begoniavej 20, DK 2820 Gentofte, Denmark.</span></p> </div> </body> </html> <P> <HR> </P> <P><B>Presentation of Works</B> <TABLE> <TR> <TD> <P><A HREF="http://www.naur.com/Whitehead.pdf">The philosophical corruption of the science of psychology - An antiphilosophical study of A. N. Whitehead s Process and Reality, 2013</A></P> <P><A HREF="http://www.naur.com/Haydn-symph.-performance.pdf">Joseph Haydn s symphonies a lost tradition An analysis of recorded performances, 2012</A></P> <P><A HREF="http://www.naur.com/Haydn-symph2.pdf">The Meaning of Joseph Haydn s Symphonies, 2011</A></P> <P><A HREF="http://www.naur.com/Ayer-on-knowing.pdf">Critique of A. J. Ayer: The Problem of Knowledge, 2011</A></P> <P><A HREF="http://www.naur.com/Stuttering.pdf">Stuttering and similar features of speech - Causes and cures, 2011</A></P> <P>Invited lecture at the conference "Click-on-knowledge 2011: Web-based knowledge and contemporary scholarship", May 11th - 13th 2011, Copenhagen: <A HREF="http://www.naur.com/Misapp.'-knowledge-2011July12.pdf">Misapprehensions around knowledge</A></P> <P><A HREF="http://www.naur.com/Aberration 2008.pdf">The aberration of light: chronic scientific confusion, 2008</A></P> <P><A HREF="http://www.naur.com/Naur-Embody-Book.pdf">The neural embodiment of mental life by the synapse-state theory, 2008</A> (download 1 MB)</P> <P><A HREF="Nauranat-ref.html">An Anatomy of human mental life, February 2005</A></P> <P><A HREF="http://www.naur.com/psykologi.html">Psykologi i videnskabelig rekonstruktion, 2002</A> </P> <P><A HREF="http://www.naur.com/Antiphil.html">Antiphilosophical Dictionary, 2001</A> </P> <P>Datalogisk Kollokvium, Roskilde Universitetscenter 2000 nov. 23; and keynote at NordiCHI2000, Stockholm 2000 Oct. 23-25 (www.stimdi.se.): <A HREF="http://www.naur.com/CHI2.html">Human-Computer Interaction and Human Thinking</A> </P> <P>Contribution of 2000 Nov. 4: <A HREF="http://www.naur.com/PhilSci.html">Philosophical Locutions in Scientific and Scholarly Activity</A> </P> <P>Universitetsavisen, nr. 8, 2000 maj 4: <A HREF="http://www.naur.com/friOs.html">Fri os fra filosofi</A> </P> <P><A HREF="http://www.naur.com/new.html">Antifilosofisk Leksikon, 1999</A> </P> <P>Main work of 1992-94: <A HREF="http://www.naur.com/main.html">Knowing and the Mystique of Logic and Rules</A> </P> <P>Principal contributions in computing until 1990: <A HREF="http://www.naur.com/comp/default.html">Computing: A Human Activity</A> </P> <P><A HREF="http://www.naur.com/Conc.Surv.html">Concise Survey of Computer Methods, 1974</A> </TD> </TR> </TABLE> <BR> <BR> </P> <CENTER> <H2><B><A HREF="http://www.naur.com/bibliography.html">Bibliography of Peter Naur</A> </B></H2> </CENTER> <P><BR> <HR> </P> <CENTER> <H1>Paper by Peter Naur February 2004:</H1> <H2><A HREF="http://www.naur.com/synapse-state.pdf">A Synapse-State Theory of Mental Life</A></H2> </CENTER> <P><BR> <FONT FACE="Times" SIZE="4"><BR> As an alternative to HebbMs theory, mental life is described in terms of SherringtonMs synapses, habits, and William JamesMs notion of the stream of thought.<BR> The theory accounts for the major organic states, such as waking, sleep, and hypnotic trance; for states of general sensitivity; and for the following aspects of the stream of thought: thought objects with their fringes; acquainting (conception); knowing about; substantive and transitive parts; attention; association; the specious present; remembered recall (memory); sensation; and perception. </FONT></P> <CENTER> <P><FONT FACE="Times" SIZE="5">The full text is available <A HREF="http://www.naur.com/synapse-state.pdf">here</A>.</FONT></P> </CENTER> <P> <HR> </P> <CENTER> <H1>Ny bog af Peter Naur p&aring; dansk marts 2002:</H1> <H2><A HREF="http://www.naur.com/psykologi.html">Psykologi i videnskabelig rekonstruktion</A></H2> </CENTER> <P><BR> <FONT FACE="Times" SIZE="4"><BR> Bogen freml&aelig;gger en videnskabelig rekonstruktion af psykologi, forst&aring;et som l&aelig;ren om menneskers tankeliv. Rekonstruktionens begrundelse er at det akademiske fag psykologi i det tyvende &aring;rhundrede har v&aelig;ret i forfald, i den forstand at videnskabelig indsigt i menneskers tankeliv er blevet glemt og erstattet af uholdbare ideologiske opfattelser, hovedsagelig behaviorisme, kognitivisme, saussurisme, og chomskyisme. Disse opfattelser f&oslash;rer til defekte forst&aring;elser af menneskers tankeliv og sproglighed. I bogen dokumenteres dette forfald ud fra udtalelser i, hovedsagelig, Den Store Danske Encyclop&aelig;di.<BR> <BR> I bogen vises det hvordan tankelivets forskellige aspekter kan beskrives sammenh&aelig;ngende og i overensstemmelse med hvad vi hver is&aelig;r v&eacute;d om tankelivet fra vores egen erfaring, s&aring;ledes som psykologien blev fremstillet i William JamesM klassiske Principles of Psychology. Hertil g&oslash;res der udf&oslash;rligt rede for defekterne i de nutidige dominerende opfattelser, som disse freml&aelig;gges i mere end 50 af Den Store Danske Encyclop&aelig;dis artikler, skrevet af ca. 30 forskellige forfattere.<BR> <BR> </FONT></P> <P><B><FONT FACE="Times" SIZE="4">Bogen forhandles via Naturfagsbogladen</FONT></B><FONT FACE="Times" SIZE="4">, Universitetsparken 13, 2100 K&oslash;benhavn &Oslash;, email: <A HREF="mailto:naturfag@unibog.dk">naturfag@unibog.dk</A>, <B>og via alle danske boghandlere</B>. </FONT></P> <CENTER> <P><FONT FACE="Times" SIZE="5">Peter Naur: Psykologi i videnskabelig rekonstruktion, 113 sider, ISBN 87-987221-2-3, pris 150 kr incl. moms.</FONT></P> </CENTER> <P><FONT FACE="Times" SIZE="5"> <HR> </FONT></P> <CENTER> <H1><FONT FACE="Times">New book by Peter Naur May 2001: </FONT></H1> <H2><FONT FACE="Times"><A HREF="http://www.naur.com/Antiphil.html">Antiphilosophical Dictionary</A>:<BR> Thinking - Speech - Science/Scholarship</FONT></H2> </CENTER> <P><FONT FACE="Times" SIZE="4">Psychology purged of philosophical misconceptions and language fallacies | Thinking described in terms of 38 locutions building upon William JamesMs <I>stream of thought</I> | Speech discussed in terms of 6 language fallacies | Coherent description as the core of the scientific/scholarly activity | Analyses of passages from Ren&eacute; Descartes, Bertrand Russell, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Gilbert Ryle, and others.</FONT></P> <P><FONT FACE="Times" SIZE="4">102 pages, <I>naur|com publishing</I>, list price US $18. </FONT></P> <H2><I><FONT FACE="Times">How to Order</FONT></I></H2> <P><FONT FACE="Times" SIZE="4">Order by <A HREF="mailto:naturfag@unibog.dk">email</A>, telephone or fax at &quot;Universitetsbogladen&quot;, the university bookstore of Copenhagen University for natural sciences and computing. Include the following information: Name, address, telephone number, number of books, and if convenient credit card data - <I>needed when delivery is outside Scandinavia.</I> The bookstore will reply with an acceptance of your order and inform you of the price including mailing costs. </FONT></P> <P><B><FONT FACE="Times" SIZE="4">Universitetsbogladen</FONT></B><FONT FACE="Times" SIZE="4">, Universitetsparken 13, DK-2100 K&oslash;benhavn &Oslash;, Denmark<BR> tlf. (+45) 3537 1133 / (+45) 3532 0035,<BR> e-mail: <A HREF="mailto:naturfag@unibog.dk">naturfag@unibog.dk</A>,<BR> Hjemmeside: <A HREF="http://www.universitetsbogladen.dk/">http://www.unibog.dk/</A></FONT></P> <P> <HR> </P> <CENTER> <H1><FONT FACE="Times">Bog af Peter Naur p&aring; dansk:</FONT></H1> <H2><FONT FACE="Times"><A HREF="http://www.naur.com/new.html">Antifilosofisk Leksikon</A>:<BR> T&aelig;nkning - Sproglighed - Videnskabelighed</FONT></H2> </CENTER> <P><B><FONT FACE="Times" SIZE="4">Bogen forhandles via Naturfagsbogladen</FONT></B><FONT FACE="Times" SIZE="4">, Universitetsparken 13, 2100 K&oslash;benhavn &Oslash;, email: <A HREF="mailto:naturfag@unibog.dk">naturfag@unibog.dk</A>, <B>og via alle danske boghandlere</B>.</FONT></P> <CENTER> <P><FONT FACE="Times" SIZE="4">Peter Naur: Antifilosofisk Leksikon, 110 sider, ISBN 87-987221-0-7, pris 140 kr incl. moms.</FONT></P> </CENTER> <P> <HR WIDTH="200"> </P> <P><FONT FACE="Times" SIZE="4">HVIS DU INTERESSERER DIG FOR EMNERNE PSYKOLOGI, LINGVISTIK, VIDENSKABSTEORI - OG DATALOGI ...</FONT></P> <P><FONT FACE="Times" SIZE="4">Mange vil finde Peter Naurs nye hovedv&aelig;rk &quot;Antifilosofisk Leksikon: T&aelig;nkning * sproglighed * Videnskabelighed&quot; s&aelig;rdeles interessant l&aelig;sning.</FONT></P> <P><FONT FACE="Times" SIZE="4">Gennem originale og skarpt afsl&oslash;rende analyser af koryf&aelig;er indenfor filosofien som Wittgenstein, Heidegger, Ryle, Russell, Descartes og Aristoteles tegner Naur et billede af, hvordan filosofferne &quot;har plaget os med bedrevidende snak om sandhed, logik, virkelighed, essens, og v&aelig;ren. Dermed har de forkvaklet forst&aring;elsen af menneskers t&aelig;nkning og sproglighed. De har p&aring;duttet os en gold, logikbunden opfattelse af videnskabelighed.&quot; (Citat fra bogens bagsidetekst.)</FONT></P> <P><FONT FACE="Times" SIZE="4">I sin s&aelig;rlige koncise stil giver Naur samtidig sit bud p&aring; en sammenh&aelig;ngende opfattelse af t&aelig;nkning, sproglighed og videnskabelighed. Naur bygger heri p&aring; empirisk orienterede videnskabm&aelig;nd som William James, Otto Jespersen og James D. Watson.</FONT></P> <P><FONT FACE="Times" SIZE="4">Et studie af bogen vil bidrage med nyttig indsigt i, hvordan du kan arbejde videnskabeligt p&aring; hvilket som helst omr&aring;de, ogs&aring; inden for datalogien.</FONT></P> <P> <HR> </P> <P><FONT FACE="Times" SIZE="4">WWW realisation: <I>Bo Holst-Christensen and Erik Fr&oslash;kj&aelig;r</I></FONT></P> </BODY> </HTML>